Diseases Conditions

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

IBS is a group of symptoms—including pain or discomfort in your abdomen and changes in your bowel movement patterns—that occur together. It is considered a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder, which is a disorder that occurs when your GI tract behaves in an abnormal way without evidence of damage due to a disease.

Doctors often classify IBS into one of four types based on usual stool consistency. These types are important because they affect the types of treatment that are most likely to improve your symptoms. The four types of IBS are:

  • IBS with constipation (IBS-C)
  • IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D)
  • IBS with mixed diarrhea and constipation (IBS-M)
  • IBS with alternating diarrhea and constipation (IBS-A)

How is IBS Diagnosed?

In most cases, doctors do not need to perform tests to diagnose IBS. However, a blood test, stool test, colonoscopy, or sigmoidoscopy may be performed if needed.

How is IBS Treated?

There is no current cure for IBS. However, changes in diet, and nutrition, such as following a FODMAP diet, can help treat the symptoms. Certain medications may also be used to treat IBS. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Bhatti to determine the best treatment option for you.

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